Frequently Used Basic Linux Commands


Hi, Are you here for learning the basic linux commands? If yes, then you are right platform. Here, I am listing frequently used commands.

Basic Linux Commands

Table of Contents

This article gives insight into the basic commands of your Linux System. Many people think that, Linux commands are too heart to learn, but it’s not so hard. It’s simple as it is. To learn more about the various commands, it is usually possible to get additional information with the man program followed by the name of the command, for example, man ls. So, let me show you the all Basic Linux Commands via this article.

 1. Listing Files and Directories

ls [option(s)] [file(s)]

If you run ls without any additional parameters, the program will list the contents of the current directory in short form.

  • -l [detailed list]
  • -a [displays hidden files]

2. Copying and Pasting

cp [option(s)] sourcefile targetfile 

Copies source file to target file.

  • -i [Waits for confirmation, if necessary, before an existing target file is overwritten]            
  • -r [Copies recursively (includes sub directories)]

3. Moving file and directories

mv [option(s)]source file target file

Copies source file to targetfile then deletes the original sourcefile. mv stands for move source file to target file. mv is also used for rename file or directory name.

4. Changing Directories

cd [options(s)] [directory]

Changes the current directory. cd without any parameters changes to the user’s home directory.

cd ..

Switch to previous Directory or Location from Present Working Directory.

cd ~

Your home directory is the directory you’re placed in, by default, when you open a new terminal session. It’s the directory that holds all your settings, your mail, your default documents and downloads folder, and many other personal items. It has a special representation: a tilde (“~”).

5. Showing Current Date and Time

date [option(s)]

This simple program displays the current system time. If run as root, it can also be used to change the system time. Details about the program are available in date.


Hurray !! I hope you have known many things about frequently used command in Linux.

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